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The ages of the children to whom certificates were issued, were as follows:

Age

Boys

Girls

Total

14 years old

1115

605

1720

15 years old

332

298

630

16 years old

9

199

208

17 years old


91

91

18 years old


2

2


1456

1195

2651

Of the above: 574 were fatherless, 182 were motherless, 87 were orphans, 143 were negroes, 50 were foreigners.

In addition to these regular certificates, 63 over-age certificates were issued to children who were already beyond the age limit, but whose employers preferred to be absolutely certain of being within the law.

An analysis of the grades from which children leave school to go to work, shows:

Boys

Girls

Total

27

38

65 were from lst and 2nd year High School

1ll

176

287 were from the 8th grade

182

218

400 were from the 7th grade

322

279

601 were from the 6th grade

375

279

647 were from the 5th grade

290

148

438 were from the 4th grade

91

53

144 were from the 3rd grade

37

5

42 were from, the 2nd grade

14

3

17 were from the lst grade

7

3

10 had no schooling at all.

Boys

Girls

Total

From Parochial Schools were

271

233

504

From Private Schools were

51

33

84

From Public Schools were

1127

926

2053

1449

1192

2641

One encouraging fact gleaned from a study of these records is that while that the greatest,number of these certificates were issued to children from the fifth grade, as they were in 1910 when the records were first kept, the next greatest number for the last three years, have been issued to children from the sixth grade, instead of from the fourth, as they were in previous years. On the other hana, of the ten absolute illiterates, only two were negroes, the other seven, as well as most of those with only first, second or third grade education were white children from neighboring states, or from our ovat sparsely settled parishes. Is it not time for Louisiana to protect herself from an increase in illiteracy, by raising the requirements, at least in this city, for obtaining employment certificates? Under our present system of issuing the certificates to the child instead of to the employer, that clause of our compulsory education law, which requires children between the ages of fourteen and sixteen, to be at work or in school ', is impossible to enforce, since this certificate in the hands of the ebild protects him against being returned to school by an attendance officer, he is either "just out of a job" or "going

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3/9/1999 (rev. 9/27/1999)--we