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New Orleans Public Library

Digest of the Acts and Deliberations of the Cabildo
Laws

Introduction to the Digest

Subject Book Volume Page Date Description
Laws 1
10 2/23/1770 Governor: O’Reilly; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - The Governor presents a letter to the Cabildo containing the rules and regulations for the establishment of the Spanish Government, with instructions governing the Cabildo and Judges of the Province. These rules were read and ordered kept in the Archives.
Laws 1
288 7/31/1778 Governor: Galvez; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - The need of some law books, such as “Summary of the Laws of the Indies: and the “Phillippie Tribunals” for use by the Cabildo, was considered, and it was agreed to buy them from Don Luis Boisdore.
Laws 2
185 6/20/1783 Governor: Galvez; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - At this time a document is presented by the Governor accompanied by a Royal Commission which refers to copies of wills and successions under the offices saleable and renounceable in order that the Royal Confirmation be given. (See also page 187.)
Laws 2
196 9/19/1783 Governor: Galvez; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - The Governor presents two Royal Orders which are in accord with the Supreme Council of the Indies. The first prohibits soldiers from returning to Spain without permission from His Majesty and then only on official business, with the consent of their wives and with provisions made for the care of their families. The other Royal Order (pages 197 to 201) pertains to laws concerning marriages of minors and adults. Two separate decisions are given in which the King upholds the dissent of the father to the marriage of a daughter, and forbids the mother to name the disobedient daughter as her heir.
Laws 3 I 14 9/3/1784 Acting Governor: Miro; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - The Governor enclosed a Royal Order in which the Ecclesiastical Tribunals will not have jurisdiction over the validity or nullity of wills, to make inventories, seizures, nor deposits left by testator. (The Royal Decree is shown in full on page 15).
Laws 3 I 46 4/8/1785 Acting Governor: Miro; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - The Governor makes known that Royal Orders to the two Americas forbid any employee in the Royal Service to make direct appeal to the King. Same must be made through immediate superiors, except in cases where an employee wishes to report an insult or grievance.
Laws 3 I 51 5/6/1785 Acting Governor: Miro; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - Cabildo receives instructions from Galvez concerning their authority in the absence of the Acting Governor. They are also informed that the inexperienced Judges should consult with the Superior Judge of the Province in all law cases.
Laws 3 I 59 7/8/1785 Acting Governor: Miro; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - Don Juan Escolano, representative of the Cabildo in the city of Madrid, advises the Commissioners that when the city funds are insufficient to meet the needs of the Council in all that is useful and necessary to the Community, they may agree to impose an excise tax amongst the residents, requesting Royal permission to carry it out, without which it cannot be effected.
Laws 3 I 66 9/16/1785 Acting Governor: Miro; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - The Governor enclosed a Royal Dispatch decreeing the prompt payment of indebtedness to laborers, servants, grocery stores, boarding and rooming house owners, and other creditor persons. This decree (shown in full on pages 69 to 73) also revokes the statute law concerning the distinction of class or privileged persons in regard to the payment of just debts.
Laws 3 I 105 6/2/1786 Acting Governor: Miro; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - At this time the Governor presents an edict for good government which he had had published, comprising thirty-four laws for the government of the city. These laws cover morals, traffic, gambling, the use of fire arms, duels, dances for colored people, curfew hours, immigration of Creole Negroes, animals in the streets, etc., and appear to be the first city laws issued by the Spanish Government, except those established by O’Reilly which are not shown in the Cabildo records. This set of laws is broken down and carried under the various classifications affected. [Note: The often referenced "tignon law" is one of these thirty-four laws.]
Laws 3 I 181 8/17/1787 Governor: Miro; Royal Ensign: De Reggio, Sr. - The Governor submits five Official letters in which His Majesty commands: (1) That the Ecclesiastical Judges of the Indies can only act in divorce cases, without interfering in any way with alimonies, expense for lawsuits, restoration of dowry, etc.; (2) That the law be complied with in regard to concessions to the Congregation of Presbyterians, either rural or within the city limits; (3) That the law be complied with relative to the extraction and destination of prisoner who take refuge at the asylum; (4) That all abide by the law relative to the marriages of minor children; (5) That the law be complied with relative to the risk of the contracts of Maritime Exchange, which should be from shore to shore as expressed therein.
Laws 3 III 144 7/11/1794 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Governor presents a certified copy of a Royal Edict decreeing that homicide prisoners must not enjoy immunity unless the act was accidental or in self-defense.

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