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Digest of the Acts and Deliberations of the Cabildo
Chronological--1797

Introduction to the Digest

Subject Book Volume Page Date Description
Health Rules - Medicine and Surgery 4 I 212 1797 Don Nicolas Robelot - Admitted to Practice Surgery
Officials--Annual Elections 4 I 169 1/1/1797 Don Manuel Serrano, Senior Judge; Don Pedro Marin de Argote, Junior Judge; Don Beltran Gravier, Attorney General; Don Juan de Castanedo, City Treasurer - After the death of Don Beltran Gravier (Page 220), Don Francisco Caisergues was elected in his place.
Wards and Districts 4 I 170 1/1/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - Mr. De Grange - First Ward; Don Andres Fernandez - Second Ward; Don Jamie Jorda* - Third Ward; Don Pedro Jordan - Fourth Ward; Don Nicolas Gravier - San Luis Ward. (*Don Jamie Jorda and Don Pedro Jordan were excused from accepting service (page 187) and Don Juan Bautista Dezilet and Don Thomas Durnford were appointed to fill their respective places.
Wards and Districts 4 I 188 1/13/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Commissioners proceed to elect “Syndics” for the inhabitants within the jurrisdiction of the city - with the following results: Syndics: Juan Bautista Delor Sarpy, Francisco de Labarre, Jr., Juan Luis Trudeau, Sr. - District: Coast of Tchoupitoulas, on this side of the river; Syndics: Josef Duseau, Jr., Franc. Jos. Lebreton Forgency (or Dorgenois) - District: Other side of river - upper section; Syndics: Bernardo Bermoudy* (or Bernaudy), Thomas Poree, Santiago Larche - District: Other side of river - lower section; Syndics: Salomon Prevost, Santiago Villere - District: Outside the Door of St. Charles; Syndic: Francisco Guerin - Distsrict: Metery (Metairie); Syndic: Luis Le Blanc - District: Bayou St. John; Syndic: Mr Dreux, The Major - District: Gentilly. (*Bermoudy resigned (page 191) and Francisco Mayorene was elected.)
Bakeries 4 I 189 1/20/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time it was decided to permit the bakers to have the flour which is in storage at 10 Pesos per barrel, as it was anticipated that the flour would soon be coming down the river from Ohio.
Levees 4 I 196 3/3/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Governor presented an itemized statement showing sums advanced from the Royal Treasury to the City Treasury in which is included the sum of 8000 Pesos advanced to Don Lorenzo Seguir for repairs to the levee on the lands abandoned by Don Juan Bautista Mc Carty and Don Leonardo Mazange. The Commissioners agreed that this should be paid by Seguir.
Slaves and Savage Negroes 4 I 196 3/3/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Governor presented a statement, itemized, showing sums advanced from the Royal Treasury to the City Treasurer, which included an item of 430 Pesos advanced to cover expenses of the execution of Negroes convicted of rebellion at Punta Cortada.
Streets - Bridges and Gutters 4 I 195 3/3/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Attorney General informs the Cabildo that he has received information to effect that Roberto Jones is not complying with his contract in repairing the bridges. The Commissioners resolved to require bond.
Currency 4 I 197 3/10/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Governor informs the Cabildo that he fears pirate ships have intercepted some silver coin en route to this port, in which case he would be forced to replace it with paper money. (See "Pirates").
Pirates 4 I 197 3/10/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Governor and President informs the Cabildo that nine small Pirate boats from the English Nation were crossing from the zone of Tortuguillas up close to the buoy, and had captured many ships which had left Vera Cruz. He presumed that these pirate boats have detained ships coming to, and leaving this port. He feared that the silver leaving Vera Cruz for Havana, to be sent here, would be intercepted; in which case he would be forced to replace it with paper money. In order to avoid this, he had asked the merchants and the farmers to contribute toward the arming of a boat which would be sent to protect the one bearing the silver. The merchants and farmers being unwilling to contribute, the Commissioners agreed to contribute one thousand Pesos from the City Treasury.
Bayous 4 I 199 3/17/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - A watchman is employed at this time to see that masters of schooners raise the bridge carefully. At the next meeting of the Cabildo (page 204) the Commissioners resolve to levy a toll on all ships using the bridge, to cover expense of upkeep, build a hut for the watchman, etc. The Governor ordered the Commander of the Fort of Bayou St. John to permit no boat to pass without a receipt showing that the toll has been paid.
Commerce 4 I 200 3/17/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Attorney General calls the attention of the Cabildo to the great privations suffered by the Colony due to hurricanes, fires, etc., and recommends that they petition the King for a reduction of duties on imported merchandise, and on money exported; also permission to purchase food from the Americans. The Commissioners agreed.
Hospitals - Charity Hospital 4 I 204 3/24/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this meeting the Commissioners in providing for the levying of a toll on the drawbridge over Bayou St. John, mention the convenience afforded to boats which can now come to the location of the Charity Hospital to load and unload through the Canal. (Further information as to the location of the Charity Hospital at this time, can be found under “Cemeteries.”)
Levees 4 I 205 3/24/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - Don Lorenzo Sigur appeared before the Cabildo stating that by order of the Court he is required to pay 8000 Pesos which were advanced to him for repairs to the Tchoupitoulas levee; that he has made every effort to obtain this sum, and if the order is executed he will be utterly ruined. He asked the Commissioners to grant him eight months’ time.
Levees 4 I 204 3/24/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Cabildo is informed by His Lordship, the Governor, that he has ordered repairs to the levee on the land assigned to the Small Pox Hospital across the river; which lands belong to the city, using convict labor with only 20 Pesos expense to the city.
Taxes 4 I 215 6/2/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the City Treasurer reported to the Cabildo that a large quantity of rum and brandy distilled from sugar cane had been imported into the city through Bayou St. John, which he considers subject to the established taxes.
Cabildo--Establishment and Administrative Functions 4 1 217 6/9/1797 Governor: Carondelet, Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Commissioners discuss the one thousand Pesos which had been sent to Don Juan Escolano y Arrieta, to represent the Cabildo before the Courts of Madrid, and resolve to ask the return of the one thousand Pesos. - (Later the Commissioners granted power of attorney to Don Antonio Etchegoyen and Don Pedro Xavier de Vera to collect this amount from Escolano. (See Cabildo book 4, Volume III, page 23). In 1800 the amount was still uncollected. (See Cabildo Book 4, Volume IV, page 1).
Hospitals - Lepers' Hospital 4 I 218 6/23/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the report was presented by the Commissioners appointed to audit the accounts presented by Don Juan Beauregard which were in charge of the deceased Don Luis Toutant Beauregard, in which they state that he can only be credited with the sums written by his own hand. The commissioners decided that it was a point of contention as to what the deceased owed to the hospital funds, and resolved to deliver the matter to the City Treasurer that he might take the proper steps for settlement before the courts.
Cabildo--Establishment and Administrative Functions 4 II 3 7/14/1797 Governor: Carondelet, Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time a letter is received from Don Josef Martinez Saparta offering to represent the Cabildo in the Courts at Madrid.
Land Grants 4 II 1 7/14/1797 Governor Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - Don Francisco Bermudez requested that he be granted three arpents of land “at the edge on the left side of the Carondelet Canal to build an apiary and a laboratory to bleach wax.” (At the next meeting, page 6, the Commissioners petition the King for this grant.) - (Later a Royal Edict is received granting Bermudez “three square arpents of land” - See Cabildo Book 4, Volume III, page 145. It was then found that a cemetery in which non-Catholics were buried would prevent the square measurements called for (page 163). The Attorney General ruled, page 183, that the measurements could be re-arranged in order to grant the necessary ground.
Orphans 4 II 2 7/14/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Governor presents a letter from His Majesty in which mention is made of “excess proceeds from the rental of 17 small houses built by El Conde de Galvez.”
Rice 4 II 2 7/14/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Governor presents a letter from His Majesty granting permission to build a warehouse for the storage of rice, and alloting for this purpose excess proceeds, in the amount of 4,925 Pesos, from the rentals of seventeen small houses built by El Conde de Galves. (See “Orphans.”)
Warehouse 4 II 2 7/14/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Governor presents a letter from His Majesty granting permission to build a warehouse for the storage of rice - alloting for this purpose 4.925 Pesos excess proceeds from the rental of seventeen small houses built by El Conde de Galvez. (See “Orphans.”)
Cemeteries - Catholic 4 II 5 7/21/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Attorney General informs the Cabildo in writing that all nations are convinced that it is obnoxious to bury the dead in the churches and temples, and he sees with disfavor the return of the harmful custom of burying in the Holy Cathedral. He also states that the grounds of the old cemetery are being opened to make burials. He asked the Cabildo to prohibit burials in the old cemetery and in the church. The Commissioners unanimously agreed. (See “Health Rules, Sanitation”).
Health Rules - Sanitation 4 II 5 7/21/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Attorney General calls attention to orders to establish cemeteries outside the city limits; and “sees with disfavor the return of the harmful custom of burying the dead in the Holy Cathedral.” (See “Cemeteries.”)
Portraits 4 II 4 7/21/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Commissioners, anticipating the early completion of the Cabido Building, and wishing to express to Don Andres Almonaster y Rojas their gratitude for having made this building possible, and for the gifts of the Cathedral, the Chapel of the Ursuline Nuns, the Charity Hospital, San Lazaro Hospital, and the Priests’ House, resolved to have his portrait made and placed in the Chambers of the Cabildo, with an inscription of his deeds of generosity. At the same time Almonaster presented his family’s Coat of Arms and a certificate from the King’s Chronicler certifying to the nobility of his ancestry and the antiquity of his lineage, which he ordered returned to him after being recorded and filed.
Officials--Royal Notary Public--Don Francisco Bermudez 4 II 13 7/23/1797 Is appointed Royal Notary Public by the King (Commission on page 15).
Officials--Governors--Don Manuel Gayoso De Lemos 4 II 20 8/4/1797 At this time the Cabildo met in extraordinary session to read a letter from Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos informing them that he had been made Civil and Military Governor of this Province. (On Page 21 is recorded the inaugural reception, and on page 22 the Royal Commissions signed by the King naming him, also, Commander of Pensacola and Mobile.)
Officials--Governors--El Baron De Carondelet 4 II 20 8/4/1797 Calls the Cabildo in extraordinary session to announce the appointment of Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos as Civil and Military Governor. Two Commissioners were appointed to go meet the new Governor. (Royal Commission on page 22 naming Gayoso as Governor due to the transfer of Carondelet.)
Educational 4 II 21 8/5/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time, when Gayoso is being inducted into office, he presents a Royal Order from the King concerning the establishment of Schools in the Dominion of the Indies. - (This Royal Order (page 25) stipulates that the Spanish Language be taught, and use of the native language prohibited.)r
Fire 4 II 29 8/23/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - Don Miguel Fortier calls the attention of the Cabildo to the fact that the resolution of December 16th, 1794, ordering that the huts be demolished, had not been complied with, and calls attention to the proximity of these huts to his property also to that of the Governor’s house.
Hospitals - Lepers' Hospital 4 II 28 8/23/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - A judgment issued in reference to proceedings instituted by the City Treasurer in the above matter approved the accounts as presented by Dona Magdalena Cartier in which the estate of Don Luis Toutant Beauregard, appears as owing 1,213 Pesos. It was decreed that this judgment be forwarded to the Cabildo so that the petitioner might acknowledge the indebtedness of 1000 Pesos and pay over the balance to the fund. The Commissioners approved, and resolved that she furnish mortgage bond to the satisfaction of the City Treasurer. (See also pages 39, 42 and 168 pertaining to different loans made from this fund and mortgages obtained.)
Huts 4 II 29 8/23/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - Don Miguel Fortier calls the attention of the Cabildo to the fact that the resolution of December 16th, 1794, ordering the huts demolished, had not been complied with, and points out the proximity of these huts to his property and to that of the Governor’s House.
Levees 4 II 30 8/23/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The City Treasurer informs the Cabildo that he has learned through his lawyer in Havana that Don Lorenzo Sigur’s attorney pretends to add to his appeal in the suit of three thousand Pesos, the eight thousand Pesos on which he has been granted an extension of eight months’ time, which expires on December 1st. He feels this is evidence of malicious deception and requests the Commissioners to advise him what to do.
Fire 4 II 35 9/1/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Governor suggests that a house be constructed in his patio for the fire engine now located in the Government Building. The Commissioners set a date for the auctioning of the contract.
Levees 4 II 34 9/1/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The City Treasurer informs the Cabildo that he has received the answer from Don Lorenzo Sigur who states that he had appealed to the Superior Tribunal at Havana asking an indemnity to cover the great expense he had in repairing the levee at Tchoupitoulas, stating also that his contract had been broken, and that he is willing to abide by the decision rendered by that tribunal. The Commissioners decide that he acted in bad faith when he requested eight months’ extension of time, which shows his determination to elude payment by making an untimely appeal at Havana, and instructed the City Treasurer to take legal steps toward collecting the sum.
Officials--Governors--El Baron De Carondelet 4 II 35 9/1/1797 At this time the Attorney General states that the inhabitants wish to give a public testimonial of their gratitude to Carondelet. He proposes that the Cabildo order the Secretary to assemble all data from the record book concerning his acts, and have same compiled and bound. his acts
Officials--Governors--El Baron De Carondelet 4 II 37 9/4/1797 The Commissioners assemble in extraordinary session to plan a farewell visit to Carondelet and congratulate him on his advancement to the Presidency and Commandant Generalship of Quito, and express their gratitude for his devotion to this Province.
Hospitals - Charity Hospital 4 II 39 9/7/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this meeting the Commissioners discussed the discontinuance of the custom of forcing the public to buy caskets from the Charity Hospital. Don Andres Almonaster was in favor of discontinuing this custom as the hospital did not need this income - stating that he had abolished this custom when he constructed the Hospital but during the short time he was not in control, the custom had been re-established, and when he again resumed the management, he did not want to show disrespect for the one who had re-established it.
Officials--Commissioners 4 II 44 9/22/1797 At this time the following new Commissioners presented their commissions to the Cabildo, and were accepted and sworn in: Don Josef Le Blanc, Don Jamie Jorda (Also spelled Jayme) Don Luis Darby Danycan, Don Gilberto Andry, Don Francisco Riano, Don Juan De Castanedo (Also City Treasurer - See "ANNUAL ELECTIONS"). - Danycan resigned in 1799 (See Cabildo Book 4, Volume III) and was succeeded by Don Gabriel Fonvergne - (See Page 101 - same book and volume.) - Andry resigned in favor of Don Domingo Bouligny. Bouligny presents commission on December 19th, 1800, was accepted and sworn into office. (Cabildo Book 4, Volume IV, Page 49).
Cemeteries - Catholic 4 II 62 9/30/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Attorney General, having asked the Royal Ensign to leave the chambers, read a report in which the inhabitants complained about the destruction of the brick wall around the old cemetery, in which they stated that they had contributed according to their means to the construction of this wall - some with brick, others with lime and the very poor with their free labor. Now this wall has been disposed of, leaving the sacred place open. He asked that the wall be replaced at the expense of the person who ordered it removed. The Commissioners considering that the brick had been used in the construction of the Cathedral which the Royal Ensign had built at his own expense, agreed not to demand payment as the Attorney General requested, but ordered the cemetery fenced with pickets.
Ecclesiastical 4 II 62 9/30/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - Mention is made at this meeting of the bricks from the old cemetery having been used in the construction of the Cathedral. (See "Cemeteries.”)
Markets 4 II 60 9/30/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Attorney General presents a memorandum in behalf of the people stating that it is the duty of the Commissioners to visit the market and butcher shops for the purpose of suppressing various abuses. He recommended that the monthly Commissioner call at the market each day and remain there from the time it is opened until closed. Don Juan de Castanedo stated that the room assigned to the use of the monthly Commissioner at the market is not satisfactory. The Commissioners appointed Don Francisco Riano to begin tomorrow to visit the market and report at the next meeting. At the next meting (page 64), he reported the need of various weights and scales.
Fire 4 II 67 10/13/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Commissioners resolved to distribute the fire engines in the four wards. Knowing that the Ward Commissioners of the lst, 2nd, and 4th Wards could keep the engines at their residences, they ordered them sent there, and asked Don Andres Almonaster to find a location in the 3rd Ward. Don Juan Dumaine and Monsieur L’Eglise were appointed to examine the engines.
Bonds, Surety 4 II 71 10/20/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time the Royal Ensign (Almonaster) presented a brief expressing the opinion that the City Treasurer (Castanedo) must furnish the bond prescribed by law as security on the funds he collects; that he should not charge any percentage for the collection of said funds, and having already collected 5 percent on the funds collected by him before he became Commissioner, he must replace this percentage in the Treasury. The Commissioners agreed to request the City Treasurer to furnish bond, but resolved that they could not revoke what was previously resolved concerning the percentage. They agreed to submit the request made by the Royal Ensign together with a copy of this act to the Governor, so that he might present it to His Majesty for decision.
Ecclesiastical 4 II 70 10/20/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - Filberto Farge presents a bill to the Cabildo covering the cost of 14 small pews covered with damask for use of the Members of the Cabildo.
Markets 4 II 70 10/20/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Commissioners considered at this time how useful it would be to establish a fish market to protect both the fish and the fisherman from the weather, also to provide a clean place for the sale of fish. As this matter had been previously discussed, a plan with the estimated cost was presented. The Commissioners decided that each one take the matter, individually under consideration and report at the next meeting.
Taverns 4 II 73 10/20/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this time Commissioner Francisco de Riano stated that in this inspection of the cabarets of the city he found nine of them paying taxes to the Charity Hospital, which taxes are collected by Almonaster, patron of the Hospital.
Cabildo--The New Building 4 II 75 10/27/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this meeting the Royal Ensign takes issue with the Commissioners concerning other proposed expenditures. (See "Fish Market" under "Markets") and called their attention to the Cabildo Building "on which nothing has been paid," and also to their indebtedness to the Royal Treasury. The Commissioners, in order to show their good intentions towards the Royal Ensign agreed to deliver to him two thousand Pesos out of the three thousand in the City Treasury (page 78) on account of the building which he is constructing.
Cemeteries - Catholic 4 II 75 10/27/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - In a letter to the Cabildo, protesting the building of the Fish Market, the Royal Ensign mentions the bad condition of the cemetery which should have their attention instead of a Fish Market. The Commissioners resolved to cooperate with the Pastor, Father Friar Antonio Sedella, to have the casks removed from the old cemetery and transferred to the new one.
Markets 4 II 75 10/27/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At the next meeting, the Royal Ensign (Almonaster) presented a letter to the Cabildo in which he states that the Fish Market Building is costly and unnecessary. He mentions the indebtedness of the City Treasury to the Royal Treasury in the amount of eight thousand Pesos (See “Levees.”), and many public obligations that need attention. The Commissioners resolved to leave the Fish Market pending.
Cabildo--The New Building 4 II 80 11/3/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this meeting the Royal Ensign refused the two thousand Pesos offered at the previous meeting, stating that the Cabildo owes the Royal Treasury eight thousand Pesos (See "Levees") and in his opinion this should be paid before they start to pay him for the building. He requested that the three thousand Pesos de delivered to the Royal Treasury, and offered to advance from his own funds, the shortage of the amount owed to the Royal Treasury. The Commissioners agreed to this and thanked the Royal Ensign for his unselfishness.
Markets 4 II 81 11/3/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - Don Fernando Alzar offers to build the fish market according to the plan submitted to this Cabildo, with the understanding that he be permitted to collect all the revenues for a period of two years, paid by the retailers of fish, game, pork, lamb, meat, etc. This proposition was forwarded to the Attorney General for an opinion. (See pages 86 and 87 for the Attorney General’s opinion, and Alzar’s reply.)
Cabildo--The New Building 4 II 84 11/10/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - At this meeting Don Gilberto Guillemard, Lieutenant Colonel of the Royal Army and Commander of the post, informed the Cabildo that by order of El Baron de Carondelet he had made the plan for the construction of the Cabildo Building, and is at present directing its construction. He stated that compensation had been promised him for this work. Them Commissioners agreed to pay him two hundred Pesos at this time.
Newspapers 4 II 83 11/10/1797 Governor: Carondelet; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The Secretary read a communication from Monsieur Fontaire Haburtore notifying the Council that he has obtained permission from the Governor to publish a Gazeta (Newspaper), and that he is enclosing a copy for each member of the Cabildo.
Lighting 4 II 93 12/7/1797 Governor: Gayoso; Royal Ensign: Almonaster - The City Treasurer reports that grease in stock for the lighting department is sufficient for this month only. The Commissioners ordered an edict placed in the proper public places calling on persons having grease or fish oil to call upon the Governor, and quote price.

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