City Archives
New Orleans Public Library

Louisiana. Eighth District Court (Orleans Parish).
Records, 1870-1872


Acquisition:   Deposited by Civil District Court, 1974
Terms of Access:   Unmicrofilmed records are available in-house to registered researchers. Microfilmed records are available in the Louisiana Division/City Archives, and can also be ordered from any Mormon Family History Center.


Historical Background

Act 2 of March 16, 1870 created a new civil court for Orleans Parish (in addition to the previously established First through Seventh District Courts). The new court was to have "exclusive jurisdiction in and for the parish of Orleans to issue writs of injunction, mandamus, quo warranto, and to entertain all proceedings, suits or contestations in which the right to any office, State, parish or municipal, is in any way involved." It also had the same general jurisdiction as the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Seventh District Courts. Any of the other district courts were to immediately transfer to the Eighth District Court any pending cases falling under the exclusive jursidiction of the new court.

Act 2 of December 11, 1872 abolished the Eighth District Court (as well as the Seventh District Court) and created a new court, the Superior District Court. The Superior District Court assumed the exclusive jurisdiction of the Eighth District Court, and all cases falling within the realm of that jurisdiction were to be transferred to Superior District Court.


Arrangement

The records are arranged in series as follows, all of which are records of the regular business of the court:
suit records
minute books
plaintiffs' and defendants' indices to general dockets special dockets
judgments in city and state tax suits


Detailed Description of the Records

Suit Records

VSH290
1868-1872

Suit Records, 1870-1872

Manuscript records of the proceedings in the civil suits filed before the Eighth District Court. Individual suit records range in size from one or two sheets in the simpler matters to hundreds of documents in the more complicated litigations. Records may include some or all of the following items: petitions, answers, oaths, bonds, transcripts of testimony, and orders & judgments of the court [in some cases the orders and judgments appear as separate documents, more common though was the practice of recording such judicial actions on the reverse of the original petition(s)]. Various articles of evidence may also be filed in individual suit records, including such items as newspaper clippings, plans, copies of original documents filed elsewhere, letters, and accounts/extracts from accounts from various financial records.

This court contains a great many tax-related cases. In many cases, no suit record was generated, but only a page in a tax judgment book; the judgment book contains no details, since the cases were cut-and-dried proceedings in which the City or State sued someone for non-payment of taxes.

Access to these records is through the general docket books and the indexes thereto. (The general dockets of this court are not extant; indexing does exist -- See below)

The "genealogically significant" suit records of the court (generally, those showing evidence of a family line) were microfilmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Microfilm is available in the Louisiana Division/City Archives; it can also be ordered from any Mormon Family History Center. Unmicrofilmed records are available for in-house use only in the Louisiana Division/City Archives.

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Minute Books

VSH300
1870-1875

Minute Books, 1868-1872
5 v.

Bound manuscript volumes in which the daily minutes of the court's proceedings were entered by the clerk.

v. 1   3/26/1870 - 1/2/1871
v. 2   1/2/1871 - 8/12/1871
v. 3   8/16/1871 - 3/4/1872
v. 4   3/5/1872 - 11/20/1872
v. 5   11/21/1872 - 12/18/1872
[Includes 1/4-5/1872. Volume 5 was continued in use by Superior District Court, 2/18/1874 - 5/30/1874]

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Indices to the General Dockets

The general docket of this court is not extant. The plaintiffs' and defendants' indices are available for in-house use. Both the plaintiff and defendant index continued in use by Superior District Court after 1872.

VSH350id
1870-1875

Defendants' Index to the General Docket, 1870-1875
1 v.

v. 1   5/17/1870 - 6/30/1875 (#73 - 95074)

VSH350ip
1870-1875

Plaintiffs' Index to the General Docket, 1853-1880
1 v.

v. 1   5/17/1870 - 6/30/1875 (#95074)

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Special Dockets

VSH350t
1872

City Tax Docket, 1872
2 v.

v. 1   10/17/1868 - 5/8/1871
v. 2   5/8/1871 - 12/11/1872

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Judgements in City Tax Suits

This volume was created for the convenience of the court and has little, if any, research value

VSH370
1869-1870

Judgments Rendered in City Tax Suits, 1869-1870
2 v.

v. 1   7/3/1869 - 3/5/1870
v. 2   11/21/1870

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iw 7/15/2013