Crescent City Memory--Part Five

New Orleans Public Service removed the infamous "race screens" from local buses and streetcars in 1958. Many of us remember them, but few--if any--of us miss these symbols of segregation. That use of the screens was institutionalized within the NOPSI organization is testified to by this memorandum. [City Archives. Law Dept. Records]
Form 542

ORDER No. 1128


Date March 6, 1928.


We have received quite a number of complaints from the public lately to the effect that some of our conductors will not attempt to seat white passengers when it is possible to do so, by having the colored passengers who occupy a single seat to move to another seat occupied by only one passenger.

It is the conductor's duty to see that the race screens are placed in the cars at all times in such a way as to prevent too many seats being occupied by the single colored passenger. This arrangement can only be had by the conductor requesting the colored passengers to change from the single window seat to another seat that is occupied by only one other colored passenger.

If your request is refused do not attempt to force the passenger off the car but call the first Police Officer you meet and enlist his aid in having the passenger move. Be sure that you personally make the request upon the passenger to move and not indifferently shift that responsibility upon the person making the request to be seated, in cases where a seat is to be had, thru a shift of the colored passenger, nor tell them you cannot do anything that might assist them in obtaining a seat.

Division Superintendent

Approved:- (signed) D. C. O'Dowd
Supt. of Transportation

Copies to:
Canal & Wells
Canal & Bourbon
Training School
Mr. A. B. Paterson
Mr. A. B. Mc Coard
Mr. W. H. Renaud, Jr.
Mr. J. C. Barnes
Mr. F. E. Bourgeois
Mr. A. E. Kern
Mr. E. T. Colton
Mr. J. J. Kornfeld
Mr. P. Mc Kay
Mr. A. J. Sarre
Division #194

The second Cotton Exchange building stood at the corner of Gravier and Carondelet Streets from 1883 until its demolition and replacement in 1920. The Cotton Exchange itself is now just a memory, but its third building still stands. [Louisiana Photograph Collection] The day General Lee flew--January 19, 1954. The year before, major renovations to the deteriorating foundation of the seventy-year-old Lee Monument, required that the statue of Robert E. Lee and its tall pedestal be dismantled and stored away. When the repairs were completed, the statue was replaced and General Lee resumed his perch over Lee Circle, with his back to the North. [Louisiana Photograph Collection. General Interest Collection]

New Orleans was in a state of turmoil on April 26, 1862. The Union fleet had reached the port one day earlier and Admiral David Farragut was demanding the city's surrender. Mayor Monroe urged his fellow citizens to keep the peace during negotiations with the Federal leaders. He surrendered the city four days later. Look elsewhere in this exhibit for the Union "response" to this proclamation. [City Archives. Office of the Mayor Records]


The sad & melancholy circumstances through which we are passing require the utmost wisdom and forbearance on the part of our citizens. They should not suffer themselves to be carried away by too keen a sense of the difficulties by which they are surrounded, but ought, on the contrary, to aid the Municipal Authority in maintaining order in the city. To facilitate my duties as the constituted Chief of the Police, I have called to my assistance the services of the European Brigade, and they have been invested by me with the duty of watching over the public tranquility. Patrols under the direction of the Commanding Officer of said Brigade should be treated with respect and obeyed.

John T. Monroe


Chairman Safety Committee

The oaks on North Claiborne Avenue, August 1966, before they were destroyed to make way for Interstate 10 and the surrounding neighborhood was irrevocably changed. [Louisiana Photograph Collection. Municipal Government Collection; Department of Streets Series] Remember when this, the Highway 11 bridge over Lake Pontchartrain, was the longest bridge in the world? Remember when the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway had that title? History does repeat itself, if only temporarily. [Louisiana Postcard Collection: Bridges]

This notice recalls the days when our four-legged friends supplied us with a major means of intracity transportation. Animal rights activists and city officials are still trying to make sure that today's version of the "Hot Weather Rules" are enforced. The public horse troughs are now just a memory. [Rare Vertical File: Broadsides]
The Louisiana State Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals

New Orleans, La.
E.S. Fremont, Supt.
NEW ORLEANS, LA., May, 1915
  1. Load lightly and drive slowly.
  2. Stop in the shade, if possible.
  3. Water your horse as often as possible. So long as a horse is working, water, in moderate quantities, will not hurt him. But let him drink only a few swallows if he is going to stand still.
  4. When he comes in after work sponge off the harness marks and sweat, his eyes, his nose and his mouth and the dock. Wash his feet but not his legs.
  5. If the thermometer is 75 degrees or higher, wipe him all over with a wet sponge. Use vinegar water, if possible. Do not turn the hose on him.
  6. Saturday night give him a bran mash cold and add a tablespoonful of saltpetre. Feed him at noon.
  7. Do not use a horse hat, unless it is a canopy-top hat. The ordinary bell-shaped hat does more harm than good.
  8. A sponge on top of the head or even a wet cloth is good, if kept wet. If dry, it is worse than nothing.
  9. If the horse is overcome by heat, get him into the shade, remove harness and bridle, wash out his mouth, sponge him all over, shower his legs and five him four ounces of aromatic spirits of ammonia, or two ounces of sweet spirits of nitre, in a pint of water, or give him a pint of coffee, warm. Cool his head at once, using cold water, or if convenient, chopped ice wrapped in a cloth. Call ambulance and have animal removed to hospital, or call professional aid.
  10. If the horse is off his feed, try him with two quarts of oats mixed with bran and add a little water; add a little salt or sugar. Or give him oatmeal gruel or barley water to drink.
  11. Watch your horse. If he stops sweating suddenly, or if he breaths short and quick, or if his ears droop, or if he stands with his legs braced sideways, he is in danger of heat or sunstroke and needs attention at once.
  12. If it is so hot that the horse sweats in the stable at night, tie him outside. Unless he cools off during the night he cannot well stand the next day's heat.

Our Office is open all day and night. Telephone Main 51. Telephone stations receive all calls for this number free of charge.

Up Town

Carrollton and St. Charles Ave.
Carrollton and Mobile Canal
Carrollton and New Basin
Claiborne and Washington
Dryades and Thalia
Fourth and Carondelet
Howard Ave. and Annunciation
Howard Ave. and Carondelet
Howard Ave. and Baronne
Julia and Fulton
Julia and S. Rampart
Julia and Magnolia
Julia and River Front
Jackson Ave. and St. Charles
Louisiana Ave. and Tchoupitoulas
Louisiana Ave. and Magazine
Laurel and Calhoun
Magnolia and Washington
Magnolia and Berlin
Napoleon Ave. and Magazine
Napoleon Ave. and St. Charles
Newton and Tech [sic] (Algiers)
Nashville Ave. and Magazine
Tchoupitoulas and St. Mary
Metairie Ridge

Down Town

Bienville and River Front
Burgundy and Lafayette Ave.
Burgundy and Poland
Canal and Front
Canal and Galvez
Canal and Carrollton Ave.
Canal and Anthony
Claiborne and Carondelet Walk
Claiborne and St. Bernard Ave.
Claiborne and Frenchmen
Dorgenois and Aubry
Esplanade and N. Peters
Esplanade and N. Rampart
Esplanade and Moss
Gentilly Road and Frenchmen
Gentilly Road and Eastern
Gravier and Rampart
Hagan Ave. and Dumaine
Poydras and S. Peters
Press and Urquhart
St. Louis and Villere
St. Claude and Kentucky
Tulane Ave. and Galvez
Tulane Ave. and Broad
Tulane Ave. and Hagan Ave.

The Rolling Stones at the Superdome. The Beatles at City Park Stadium. Louis Armstrong's triumphal homecoming at the Suburban Gardens in 1931. Jenny Lind, the Swedish Nightingale, at the St. Charles Theatre. Music superstars have been coming to play New Orleans for a very long time indeed. [Rare Vertical File: Programs--Concerts] Remember when the now empty acres at the corner of Tulane Avenue and South Jefferson Davis Parkway housed a sprawling industrial complex? Just in case you don't, we've included this illustrated letterhead as proof! The Dibert, Bancroft and Ross foundry closed shop in the late 1960s, but we are reminded of its past every time we walk across a NOPSI manhole cover. [Rare Vertical File: Letterheads--Twentieth Century Business Firms]

St. Mary's Academy, still a vital educational institution in the Crescent City, began its days in the old Orleans Ballroom, famous as the setting for the legendary "quadroon balls" of the antebellum era. This prospectus gives us a glimpse of what life was like for young black women at the school on Orleans Street in the Vieux Carre. [Rare Vertical File: Prospectuses]

St. Mary's Academy

. . . . FOR . . . .



The Sisters of the Holy Family,


Between Royal and Bourbon, NEW ORLEANS, LA.



[Page 1]


The Religious Congregation having this name was established in 1842, by the Rev. S. Rousselon, V.G., with the approbation of the Most Reverend Anthony Blanc, D. D., and his successors, and received a special blessing from our present Holy Father Leo XIII, for their works of education.

The members of this community follow the rule of the great St. Augustine in all its vigor for active orders.

Parents and guardians may rest assured that the Sisters consider themselves bound to respond to the confidence placed in them by giving their pupils a Christian and Virtuous education, strictly attending to their intellectual improvement, cultivating that refinement of manners which will fit them for Society and giving them that physical care which they would receive under the parental roof.

The Course of Instruction embraces: Reading, Penmanship, Spelling, Orthography, Grammar, Composition, Geography, Science, Geology, Astronomy, Chemistry, Rhetoric, Physics, Natural Philosophy, Arithmetic, United States History, Algebra, Book-keeping and Typewriting.

Sewing in all its branches: Embroidery, Crochet, Tapestry, Tarleton Flowers, Drawing, Painting, French , Spanish, (Vocal and Instrumental Music.)


Every Pupil must be provided with six regular changes of linen, six Pairs of Stockings, a sufficient number of Dresses, four Night, Gowns, three Black Alpaca Aprons for school.

Each Pupil must have a White Dress, also an Umbrella; a Toilet Set consisting of : a Hair, a Tooth, and a Finger-nail Brush, a Comb, Tooth-powder and Soap; Table Furniture: consisting of a Goblet, Knife and Fork, a Table and Teaspoon, A Napkin-ring and six Napkins; six Towels, four Sheets, four Pillow Cases, two Blankets, one Comforter, one Mosquito Bar.

All Articles must be Marked with the Pupil's name before her entrance.

[page 2]

Board and Tuition, per month..........$15.00
Fuel for the Winter.......... 1.50
Books, at Convent Prices

First Class, per month..........$3.00
Second Class, per month.......... 2.00
Third Class, per month.......... 1.00

Lessons on the Piano, per month..........$3.00
Lessons on the Guitar, per month.......... 3.00
Lessons on the Organ, per month.......... 3.00
Lessons on the Mandolin, per month.......... 3.00
Lessons in Typewriting, per month.......... 7.00
Lessons in Oil Painting, per month.......... 5.00
Lessons in Drawing, per month.......... 3.00
Lessons in French, per month.......... 1.00
Lessons in Spanish, per month.......... 1.00
Wax Flowers, per month.......... 3.00
Wax Confectionary.......... 3.00
Tarleton Flowers.......... 4.00
Material for Wax Flowers.......... 5.00
Vocal Music.......... 1.00
Fish Scale Flowers.......... 3.00

A Semi-Annual Report of the progress of each pupil, will be sent to the parents or guardians. In these Reports, the Standing of the Pupil will be represented.

When Pupils have finished the prescribed Courses, a Testimonial of Merit will be given to each one who has passed a good examination.

Payments must invariably be made in advance, or within one month after the Bill is sent.

The Exercises of the Academy will be resumed on the First Monday in September.

Parents will find it to their advantage to send their Children as soon as School commences.

Letters of inquiry are to be directed to the

Convent of the Holy Family,
No. 717 Orleans Street, NEW ORLEANS, LA.

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